Set up a Windows Server Fail-over Clusters (As a Precursor to High Availability in Standard Edition)

In this walkthrough, we will be setting up WSFC (Windows Server Failover Cluster) in Windows Server. An WSFC is a group of Windows servers that work together to ensure high availability of applications and services. Any WSFC (albeit for FCI or AG) comprises the following components:

Component Definition Node Any server that participates (preferable to have an odd number of nodes, as one will perform the role of tiebreaker). Cluster Resource A physical or logical entity that can be owned by a node, brought online and taken offline, moved between nodes, and managed as